新版CCNA3.0考试大纲CCNA200-125考试内容

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考试说明: 

思科入门级网络认证(CCNA)路由和交换综合考试(200-125 CCNAX)考试时间为90分钟,有50-60道CCNA路由和交换认证相关的考题。200-125 CCNAX考试检验考生是否具备网络基础,LAN 交换,IPv4和IPv6路由,WAN,网络基础设施服务,网络基础设施安全及网络基础设施管理的相关技能。

下列考纲列出了200-125 CCNAX考试中可能出现的考试内容。但是,其他相关要点也可能会出现在考试中。下面的大纲可能会在未提前通知的情况下发生改变,这是为了更好地反映考试内容及更加透明化。

 

完整版考试大纲PDF下载地址:

http://pan.baidu.com/s/1slpE56P

提取密码:kcmv

 

What Topics Were Removed?

  • Contrast bridges and hubs.
  • Describe VRRP.
  • Discuss GLBP.
  • Troubleshoot Layer 1 issues.
  • Troubleshoot Frame Relay.
  • Monitor NetFlow information.
  • Describe the following WAN technologies: VSAT, Cellular 3G/4G, T1/E1, ISDN, DSL, and Frame Relay

What Topics Were Added?

  • Describe how cloud resources impact an enterprise architecture. This topic includes a discussion of traffic paths to internal (e.g. enterprise) and external (e.g. cloud) resources, virtual services, and basic virtual network architecture.
  • Configure and verify LLDP (Link Layer Discover Protocol). LLDP is an industry-standard protocol that performs similar features to CDP (Cisco Discovery Protocol).
  • Configure, verify, and troubleshoot multi-area OSPFv2 for IPv4 networks. The previous CCNA version only required that you be able to configure and verify single area OSPFv2. However, this configuration is basic, and does not include authentication, filtering, manual summarization, route redistribution, stub areas, virtual links, or LSAs.
  • Configure, verify, and troubleshoot VLAN Trunking Protocol (VTP) version 1 and 2.
  • Configure, verify, and troubleshoot multi-area OSPFv3 for IPv6 networks. The previous CCNA version only required that you be able to configure and verify single area OSPFv3. However, this configuration is basic, and does not include authentication, filtering, manual summarization, route redistribution, or stub areas.
  • Configure, verify, and troubleshoot EIGRP for IPv6 networks.The previous CCNA version only required that you be able to configure and verify EIGRP for IPv4 networks. However, this configuration is basic, and does not include authentication, filtering, manual summarization, route redistribution, or the stub feature.
  • Configure, verify, and troubleshoot RIPv2 for IPv4. The previous CCNA version did not include any version of RIP. However, this configuration is basic, and does not include authentication, filtering, manual summarization, or route redistribution.
  • Configure and verify Multilink PPP (MLPPP). This feature allows multiple physical interfaces to be logically bundled into a single virtual interface, which can improve WAN throughput.
  • Describe Internet VPN options, including Dynamic Multipoint VPN (DMVPN), site-to-site VPN, and client VPN.
  • Configure and verify a single-homed eBGP (External Border Gateway Protocol) IPv4 connection. Personally, this is the biggest surprise on the new CCNA blueprint, because BGP topics have traditionally been considered too advanced for the CCNA certification. However, the BGP configuration is a basic one, limited to peering and route advertisement using only the network command.
  • Describe Quality of Service (QoS) concepts. This topic includes the theory of marking traffic, trusting certain devices (e.g. Cisco IP Phones), prioritizing some traffic types over others (e.g. preferring voice traffic over network gaming traffic), setting a speed limit on traffic using policing and shaping, and congestion management (i.e. using queuing technologies to allocate bandwidth amounts for different traffic classes).
  • Describe how to secure network access using 802.1x.
  • Explain how to use DHCP snooping to prevent a malicious user from adding their own DHCP server to a network, for the purpose of sending inaccurate IP addressing information to DHCP clients.
  • Verify IPv6 Access Control Lists (ACLs). The previous version of the exam only tested on IPv4 ACLs.
  • Verify Access Control Lists (ACLs) using the APIC-EM Path Trace ACL Analysis tool, where APIC-EM stand for Application Policy Infrastructure Controller – Enterprise Module.
  • Discuss how to secure devices using AAA (i.e. Authentication, Authorization, and Accounting) with either the TACACS+ or RADIUS protocols.
  • Using ICMP echo-based IP SLA to troubleshoot connectivity. Instead of using a basic Ping command to test for connectivity, the IP SLA features allows you to specify the characteristics of traffic sent to a destination network device.
  • Be able to use the Local Switched Port Analyzer (SPAN) features to troubleshoot network issues. SPAN allows you to connect a network monitor to a switch port. That port can then receive a copy of traffic seen on another of the switch’s ports or VLANs, allowing the network monitor to analyze that traffic.
  • Discuss network programmability in an enterprise network architecture. This discussions covers the function of a controller, the separation of the control plane and the data plane, and northbound vs. southbound APIs.

1.0 Network Fundamentals

1.1 Compare and contrast OSI and TCP/IP models

1.2 Compare and contrast TCP and UDP protocols

1.3 Describe the impact of infrastructure components in an enterprise network

  • 1.3.a Firewalls
  • 1.3.b Access points
  • 1.3.c Wireless controllers

1.4 Describe the effects of cloud resources on enterprise network architecture

  • 1.4.a Traffic path to internal and external cloud services
  • 1.4.b Virtual services
  • 1.4.c Basic virtual network infrastructure

1.5 Compare and contrast collapsed core and three-tier architectures

1.6 Compare and contrast network topologies

  • 1.6.a Star
  • 1.6.b Mesh
  • 1.6.c Hybrid

1.7 Select the appropriate cabling type based on implementation requirements

1.8 Apply troubleshooting methodologies to resolve problems

  • 1.8.a Perform and document fault isolation
  • 1.8.b Resolve or escalate
  • 1.8.c Verify and monitor resolution

1.9 Configure, verify, and troubleshoot IPv4 addressing and subnetting

1.10 Compare and contrast IPv4 address types

  • 1.10.a Unicast
  • 1.10.b Broadcast
  • 1.10.c Multicast

1.11 Describe the need for private IPv4 addressing

1.12 Identify the appropriate IPv6 addressing scheme to satisfy addressing requirements in a LAN/WAN environment

1.13 Configure, verify, and troubleshoot IPv6 addressing

1.14 Configure and verify IPv6 Stateless Address Auto Configuration

1.15 Compare and contrast IPv6 address types

  • 1.15.a Global unicast
  • 1.15.b Unique local
  • 1.15.c Link local
  • 1.15.d Multicast
  • 1.15.e Modified EUI 64
  • 1.15.f Autoconfiguration
  • 1.15.g Anycast

2.0 LAN Switching Technologies

2.1 Describe and verify switching concepts

  • 2.1.a MAC learning and aging
  • 2.1.b Frame switching
  • 2.1.c Frame flooding
  • 2.1.d MAC address table

2.2 Interpret Ethernet frame format

2.3 Troubleshoot interface and cable issues (collisions, errors, duplex, speed)

2.4 Configure, verify, and troubleshoot VLANs (normal/extended range) spanning multiple switches

  • 2.4.a Access ports (data and voice)
  • 2.4.b Default VLAN

2.5 Configure, verify, and troubleshoot interswitch connectivity

  • 2.5.a Trunk ports
  • 2.5.b Add and remove VLANs on a trunk
  • 2.5.c DTP, VTP (v1&v2), and 802.1Q
  • 2.5.d Native VLAN

2.6 Configure, verify, and troubleshoot STP protocols

  • 2.6.a STP mode (PVST+ and RPVST+)
  • 2.6.b STP root bridge selection

2.7 Configure, verify and troubleshoot STP related optional features

  • 2.7.a PortFast
  • 2.7.b BPDU guard

2.8 Configure and verify Layer 2 protocols

  • 2.8.a Cisco Discovery Protocol
  • 2.8.b LLDP

2.9 Configure, verify, and troubleshoot (Layer 2/Layer 3) EtherChannel

  • 2.9.a Static
  • 2.9.b PAGP
  • 2.9.c LACP

2.10 Describe the benefits of switch stacking and chassis aggregation

3.0 Routing Technologies

3.1 Describe the routing concepts

  • 3.1.a Packet handling along the path through a network
  • 3.1.b Forwarding decision based on route lookup
  • 3.1.c Frame rewrite

3.2 Interpret the components of a routing table

  • 3.2.a Prefix
  • 3.2.b Network mask
  • 3.2.c Next hop
  • 3.2.d Routing protocol code
  • 3.2.e Administrative distance
  • 3.2.f Metric
  • 3.2.g Gateway of last resort

3.3 Describe how a routing table is populated by different routing information sources

  • 3.3.a Admin distance

3.4 Configure, verify, and troubleshoot inter-VLAN routing

  • 3.4.a Router on a stick
  • 3.4.b SVI

3.5 Compare and contrast static routing and dynamic routing

3.6 Compare and contrast distance vector and link state routing protocols

3.7 Compare and contrast interior and exterior routing protocols

3.8 Configure, verify, and troubleshoot IPv4 and IPv6 static routing

  • 3.8.a Default route
  • 3.8.b Network route
  • 3.8.c Host route
  • 3.8.d Floating static

3.9 Configure, verify, and troubleshoot single area and multi-area OSPFv2 for IPv4 (excluding authentication, filtering, manual summarization, redistribution, stub, virtual-link, and LSAs)

3.10 Configure, verify, and troubleshoot single area and multi-area OSPFv3 for IPv6 (excluding authentication, filtering, manual summarization, redistribution, stub, virtual-link, and LSAs)

3.11 Configure, verify, and troubleshoot EIGRP for IPv4 (excluding authentication, filtering, manual summarization, redistribution, stub)

3.12 Configure, verify, and troubleshoot EIGRP for IPv6 (excluding authentication, filtering, manual summarization, redistribution, stub)

3.13 Configure, verify, and troubleshoot RIPv2 for IPv4 (excluding authentication, filtering, manual summarization, redistribution)

3.14 Troubleshoot basic Layer 3 end-to-end connectivity issues

4.0 WAN Technologies

4.1 Configure and verify PPP and MLPPP on WAN interfaces using local authentication

4.2 Configure, verify, and troubleshoot PPPoE client-side interfaces using local authentication

4.3 Configure, verify, and troubleshoot GRE tunnel connectivity

4.4 Describe WAN topology options

  • 4.4.a Point-to-point
  • 4.4.b Hub and spoke
  • 4.4.c Full mesh
  • 4.4.d Single vs dual-homed

4.5 Describe WAN access connectivity options

  • 4.5.a MPLS
  • 4.5.b Metro Ethernet
  • 4.5.c Broadband PPPoE
  • 4.5.d Internet VPN (DMVPN, site-to-site VPN, client VPN)

4.6 Configure and verify single-homed branch connectivity using eBGP IPv4 (limited to peering and route advertisement using Network command only)

4.7 Describe basic QoS concepts

  • 4.7.a Marking
  • 4.7.b Device trust
  • 4.7.c Prioritization
    • 4.7.c. [i] Voice
    • 4.7.c. [ii] Video
    • 4.7.c. [iii] Data
  • 4.7.d Shaping
  • 4.7.e Policing
  • 4.7.f Congestion management

5.0 Infrastructure Services

5.1 Describe DNS lookup operation

5.2 Troubleshoot client connectivity issues involving DNS

5.3 Configure and verify DHCP on a router (excluding static reservations)

  • 5.3.a Server
  • 5.3.b Relay
  • 5.3.c Client
  • 5.3.d TFTP, DNS, and gateway options

5.4 Troubleshoot client- and router-based DHCP connectivity issues

5.5 Configure, verify, and troubleshoot basic HSRP

  • 5.5.a Priority
  • 5.5.b Preemption
  • 5.5.c Version

5.6 Configure, verify, and troubleshoot inside source NAT

  • 5.6.a Static
  • 5.6.b Pool
  • 5.6.c PAT

5.7 Configure and verify NTP operating in a client/server mode

6.0 Infrastructure Services

6.1 Configure, verify, and troubleshoot port security

  • 6.1.a Static
  • 6.1.b Dynamic
  • 6.1.c Sticky
  • 6.1.d Max MAC addresses
  • 6.1.e Violation actions
  • 6.1.f Err-disable recovery

6.2 Describe common access layer threat mitigation techniques

  • 6.2.a 802.1x
  • 6.2.b DHCP snooping
  • 6.2.c Nondefault native VLAN

6.3 Configure, verify, and troubleshoot IPv4 and IPv6 access list for traffic filtering

  • 6.3.a Standard
  • 6.3.b Extended
  • 6.3.c Named

6.4 Verify ACLs using the APIC-EM Path Trace ACL analysis tool

6.5 Configure, verify, and troubleshoot basic device hardening

  • 6.5.a Local authentication
  • 6.5.b Secure password
  • 6.5.c Access to device
    • 6.5.c. [i] Source address
    • 6.5.c. [ii] Telnet/SSH
  • 6.5.d Login banner

6.6 Describe device security using AAA with TACACS+ and RADIUS

7.0 Infrastructure Management

7.1 Configure and verify device-monitoring protocols

  • 7.1.a SNMPv2
  • 7.1.b SNMPv3
  • 7.1.c Syslog

7.2 Troubleshoot network connectivity issues using ICMP echo-based IP SLA

7.3 Configure and verify device management

  • 7.3.a Backup and restore device configuration
  • 7.3.b Using Cisco Discovery Protocol or LLDP for device discovery
  • 7.3.c Licensing
  • 7.3.d Logging
  • 7.3.e Timezone
  • 7.3.f Loopback

7.4 Configure and verify initial device configuration

7.5 Perform device maintenance

  • 7.5.a Cisco IOS upgrades and recovery (SCP, FTP, TFTP, and MD5 verify)
  • 7.5.b Password recovery and configuration register
  • 7.5.c File system management

7.6 Use Cisco IOS tools to troubleshoot and resolve problems

  • 7.6.a Ping and traceroute with extended option
  • 7.6.b Terminal monitor
  • 7.6.c Log events
  • 7.6.d Local SPAN

7.7 Describe network programmability in enterprise network architecture

  • 7.7.a Function of a controller
  • 7.7.b Separation of control plane and data plane
  • 7.7.c Northbound and southbound APIs

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